• Burnside Road, Uphall

    Burnside Road, Uphall

  • Gala Day at Uphall Public School

    Gala Day at Uphall Public School

  • Staff of Uphall Public School

    Staff of Uphall Public School

  • Old Mill, Uphall

    Old Mill, Uphall

  • Looking East along Main Street, Uphall

    Looking East along Main Street, Uphall

  • Uphall Gala Day Parade, July 1926

    Uphall Gala Day Parade, July 1926

  • Uphall Main Street

    Uphall Main Street

  • Tram on Main Street, Uphall

    Tram on Main Street, Uphall

  • Middleton Hall, Uphall

    Middleton Hall, Uphall

  • Looking East along Main Street, Uphall

    Looking East along Main Street, Uphall

  • Looking West along Main Street, Uphall

    Looking West along Main Street, Uphall

  • Officers (NCO's and Men) - No 7 Platoon in Uphall - 1942

    Officers (NCO's and Men) - No 7 Platoon in Uphall - 1942

  • Wyndford Avenue, Uphall

    Wyndford Avenue, Uphall

  • Uphall from Middleton Lodge

    Uphall from Middleton Lodge

  • West Main Street, Uphall

    West Main Street, Uphall

  • Main Street, Uphall

    Main Street, Uphall

  • St Nicholas Church, Uphall

    St Nicholas Church, Uphall

  • The Gates, Main Street, Uphall

    The Gates, Main Street, Uphall

  • Burnside Road, Uphall

    Burnside Road, Uphall

  • West Main Street, Uphall

    West Main Street, Uphall

  • Ecclesmachan Road, Uphall

    Ecclesmachan Road, Uphall

  • Millers Bridge, Uphall

    Millers Bridge, Uphall

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Village Origins

Records indicate that Strathbrock Castle and St Nicholas Church (still known locally as Strathbrock Church) were both built in the 12th century.  It seems likely that Uphall, and Broxburn, therefore started life back in the early 12th century.  The village would have housed the peasants and staff who worked for Lord Strabrok.

Between the 12th and 17th centuries - the area remained rural.  Industry of any sort didn't arrive until the 17th century.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, various mining took place in Uphall (coal, limestone, ironstone and freestone).  The population of Uphall and Broxburn expanded greatly in the 19th century with the advent of the shale oil industry.  An indicator of the local success are the population figures.  In 1871, the population stood at 360.  By 1891, that figure had risen to 922.  By the end of the next decade, the figure stood at 1,840!

In 1920, the Pumpherston, Broxburn, Oakbank and Philpstoun works merged with Youngs Oil Company to form Scottish Oils Ltd.  Middleton Hall became the headquarters of the new company.  Within a few years, the company constructed the Middleton Estate housing.   This was housing for its workers (Burnside Road, Middleton Avenue, Middleton Road and Westhall Gardens).

With the substantial increase in population, services such as banking, shops and transport were soon moving into Uphall Main Street.

The demise of Scottish Oils Ltd occurred in the early 1960's.  The staff were transferred to Grangemouth Refinery or made redundant.

In the early 1960's, a new firm, Motherwell Bridge Thermal, moved into the former workshops of Scottish Oils Ltd.  In 1993, the downturn in the oil and gas industry resulted in the factory closing.  The factory was demolished in early 2002 and the area is now the Persimmon Homes development of South Middleton.

The population of Uphall now stands at roughly 4,500 (population of Broxburn is roughly 8,500).  There is now substantial house building in Uphall and Broxburn.

Who knows what the next one hundred years have in store for Uphall ?

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